As our Governments reduce or repeal COVID restrictions, the advice from the Home Unions is changing in response.
The current advice is to remove situations where the touching of course furniture or score cards is not permitted, along with rule adjustments to accommodate this.
The new advice, as restrictions are lifted, is to once again allow those touchpoints – flagsticks may be touched/removed, bunker rakes are to be allowed and score cards can be exchanged once more. Accordingly, as each Home Union provides this updated advice, all adjustments to the rules (as set out on Page 2 onwards) are rescinded and play will be according to the Rules of Golf and Rules of Handicapping.
The updated advice on returning acceptable scores is shown below:
You can download a copy of the document by clicking on the download button below:
‘Why do we now have two different calculation systems dependant upon whether we are in GB&I or elsewhere? The RandA handicap calculator has a bizarre statement “with course rating minus par” …or “without……….” [for GB&I].
I thought the WORLD handicapping System was meant to bring us all together??
If you go to the USGA handicap tables, they are markedly different from the RandA calculations. That won’t confuse anybody will it?
And as for the 95% issue for Strokeplay and stableford….give me strength!
So an American and a Brit playing on a course in Turkey (covid-permitting), may have the same handicap index but different playing handicaps. To misquote Churchill : “Two countries separated by a common handicapping system!”’
With reference to:
‘Why do we now have two different calculation systems dependant upon whether we are in GB&I or elsewhere? The RandA handicap calculator has a bizarre statement “with course rating minus par” …or “without……….” [for GB&I]., and
‘So an American and a Brit playing on a course in Turkey (covid-permitting), may have the same handicap index but different playing handicaps. To misquote Churchill : “Two countries separated by a common handicapping system!”’
Your Handicap Index is calculated in exactly the same way as for all players worldwide, all Handicap Indexes are therefore comparable. It is not dependent upon the jurisdiction in which the Handicap Index was allocated. A 14.7 Handicap Index in the US is the same as a 14.7 Handicap Index in England, Spain or Turkey.
Differences, however, do arise in the Calculation of Course Handicaps depending on the location of the course being played, because some jurisdictions have not adopted the WHS in toto.
The R&A Course Handicap Calculator offers you an opportunity to see what a Course Handicap might be at different courses that you may like to play.
Depending on where you are playing your round and/or who you are playing with – you may or may not be required to include Course Rating and Par in this calculation. Check with the golf club, the Committee, or the Authorised Association.
When you use the R&A Course Handicap Calculator, determine the location of the course you wish to play.
From the location, determine whether Course Rating minus Par is used:
Without Course Rating minus Par – (GB&I)
With Course Rating minus Par – (Rest of the World bar Australia)
Australia uses the Course Rating minus Par but then applies a 0.93 Multiplier so the R&A Calculator will not work for Australian Courses.
So, using the example above, the R&A Course Handicap Calculator:
Choose between a 9-Hole Round and an 18-Hole Round
Choose with Course Rating minus Par for your Course in Turkey
Enter, Handicap Index, Course Rating, Par and Slope for your Course, if you do not know them Select the ‘Look Up’ Option
Select ‘Calculate’ once you have entered all the information.
Hey Presto! You will find that both players will play off the same Course Handicap for the same course.
RE: ‘And as for the 95% issue for Strokeplay and stableford….give me strength!’
The whole idea of Handicap Allowances is to provide a fair and equitable way of determining winners in competitions, they do not affect scores submitted for Handicap Purposes
Under the WHS, equity is now based on a top 10% finish, previously it was a top 25% finish. In singles match play, the previous Handicap System slightly favoured the lower handicap player, however it is closer to 50/50 equity with the WHS.
For four-ball and other team formats, the handicap allowances have been slightly reduced to offset the increase in standard equity for individual formats. Essentially, a slight increase in equity for singles match play, as mentioned above, results in a higher handicap player having an advantage in team events. As a result, a reduction in most team formats is appropriate.
Today, a larger number of scores and/or simulations, than previously used, have been used to determine and validate the handicap allowances used in the WHS because of the access to much more data, worldwide, the USGA and R&A were able to generate handicap allowances that met the desired equity.
Previous handicap allowances were validated in the early 2000’s, however no significant changes were warranted at the time. With the opportunity to run completely new tests for handicap allowances with updated scoring data, the R&A and USGA have been able to determine the best handicap allowances to use in the current playing environment.
The WHS is a sound and fair handicapping system, based largely on the USGA system that has proved popular and stood the test of time, having been in operation for over 40 years.
My advice is to work with the system and don’t try to overthink it.
Go out, experience your golf on different courses and most of all enjoy playing it.
CONGU have published an update to the Rules of Handicapping as Applied to GB&I.
This revision replaces the advice for Mixed Foursomes regarding the non-application of Adjustments for different Tees so they use the same approach as for any other mixed tee foursomes and Adjustments are applied when there are differences in Course Ratings/Par between courses being played
You can download a copy of the Revised Publication by clicking on the download button below:
This post may be a little academic at this time of a Third Lockdown and Golf Courses being closed in England, Wales and Ireland (Scotland remaining open), but I have received a number of emails over the last few weeks concerning the WHS and Winter Handicaps, Winter Tees, Winter Courses and Winter Rules.
The most common problem has been where Clubs have not rated their Winter Tees, because of their temporary nature, but wish to run competitions on these courses.
Added to this is is the fact that Club Handicap Software will not offer the option for winter handicaps under the WHS.
It is the intention of the national federations that there is a 12-month handicapping season. WHS allows for the return of scores less than 18 holes, when a club designates some unplayable, for example due to wet conditions or lack of light. Handicap Software Systems have guidelines allowing for shortened holes and winter tees. PCC (the new equivalent to CSS) is designed to account for daily playing conditions and handicaps are calculated against this, not the course rating (the new equivalent to SSS) or par.
Your Club will still be able organise non-qualifying competitions and process these through your Handicap Software for publication.
The World Handicap System states that acceptable scores for handicap purposes should be posted throughout the year.
However, this is not really feasible when winter courses are in play, especially courses which are not sand-based; the advice is that when course conditions are poor then it is not reasonable to be submitting qualifying (Acceptable) scores.
Regardless of the season, acceptable scores can only be submitted on a rated course (which would include a temporary rating where necessary).
If a Club does not have such a course, for whatever reason and a common one now is that Winter Tees have not been rated, then clearly such scores cannot be submitted.
Appendix G of the Rules of Handicapping is solely for when there are temporary adjustments to a course for reasons such as emergency maintenance on a tee etc. and does not include a winter course.
So, if a club wants to offer Acceptable Scores during the winter period when winter tees are in use, then the course being played needs to have a rating, whether that is a full rating or a temporary rating.
A Club must apply for this rating and it is up to the appropriate County to provide this service (albeit at their convenience – they are all volunteers!).
Whilst the aim is to allow submission of Acceptable Scores all year, a level of realism is required on courses that are clearly sub-standard due to weather conditions (as they would have been in previous years).
This situation may not just be for winter, it would not be unreasonable, even in the Summer playing season, that a club could prevent the return of Acceptable scores (competition and social/General Play) if the course is not in a good condition – examples of this could be when the greens have been hollow-tined or heavily top dressed.
Until a Course Rating has been issued a Club may only run Non-acceptable Competitions.
To sum up:
Acceptable Scores – Winter Competitions
To run Competitions and want scores to be acceptable for Handicap Purposes:
Competitions must be run over 9 or 18 Holes.
Rounds must be played in accordance with Rule 2.1 of the Rules of Handicapping Page 26.
Preferred lies are allowable under the guidance below.
Scaling up is allowed in accordance with Rule 3.2 of the Rules of Handicapping (Page 36/37).
If a Club cannot run Competitions that are acceptable for Handicap Purposes, it can still run Non-acceptable Competitions that can be set up using Club Software or Manually to record Scores and Winners.
The following procedure is quite permissible, and several Clubs are following similar ones.
Non-Acceptable Scores – Winter Competitions
To run Competitions where scores are not acceptable for Handicap Purposes, but where results can be processed, a neutral slope of 113 and a Course rating equal to the Par of the holes being played can be used.
This will mean a Chart to generate the Course Handicap is not required (i.e., your Course Handicap is your rounded Handicap Index). The scores cannot be Acceptable for handicap purposes, but it does allow non-qualifying competitions to be run during this period (lockdown notwithstanding).
If your Club uses Software to run the competition you can follow the guidelines within the software to cater for unrated courses.
If your Club runs its competitions manually, you can use the Handicap Index as the basis for the calculation of a Course Handicap and/or Playing Handicap which should then be adjusted relative to the number of holes being played.
Guidance on the Preferred Lies Period
Preferred Lies – Model Local Rules E-2 and E-3.
In England, Wales and Scotland the Preferred Lies Period runs from 1st October to 30th April while in Ireland, the Preferred Lies period is from November 1st to April 30th.
Clubs can run competitions where scores are acceptable for handicapping purposes during this period when both Model Local Rule E-2 and E-3 are in force.
It is recommended that a Local Rule permitting preferred lies in the general area outside of the preferred lies period should be used only in extreme circumstances where scores will not be accepted for handicapping purpose (WHS Guidance document Appendix H).
The purpose of preferred lies as described in Model Local Rule E-3 is to protect areas of the course cut to fairway height or less. This Model Local Rule allows players to lift, clean and place the ball within six inches in the General Area cut to fairway height. It is recommended that the ball should be marked before lifting. The ball must be placed in the relief area within six inches of the reference point.
However, it is not recommended that this Rule is routinely adopted for the General Area as a whole because it could give a player an unfair advantage by offering her/him free relief from an unplayable lie, e.g., a ball located behind a tree or under a bush.
There is another Model Local Rule, E-2, that may be adopted which allows balls to be cleaned in the General Area when conditions such as wet ground throughout parts of the course may cause mud to stick to the ball.
The purpose of Model Local Rule E-2 is to allow players to clean the ball in the general area (which would include the Rough) when conditions throughout parts of the course cause mud to stick to the ball. This allows the ball to be cleaned and replaced and should be limited to those parts of the course where needed, not to the whole course. The ball must be marked before lifting and cleaning and must be replaced on its original spot before playing.
During the Preferred Lie period scores may not be returned for handicapping purposes if any of the following local rules or restrictions apply: –
Preferred lies in the general area or where the relief area exceeds 6 inches.
The ball is lifted from the fairway and placed or dropped in the semi-rough
The competition is over less than 18 holes but is not a 9 hole competition
If the competition is played using winter tees or greens and a temporary modification to the course and slope ratings has not been approved by the area authority
Where the use of fairway mats does not follow the rules provided in the WHS Guidance document Appendix H GH/2.
I hope this offers some help and guidance for those of you trying to work through the Winter Period and organise competitive Golf Competitions
England Golf have issued guidelines on Winter Golf, England Golf Winter Golf Checklist which you can read below or download a copy by clicking on the Download Button below:
You can download a copy of this advice by clicking on the link below:
Well Christmas is nearly upon us and the end, I hope, of an extraordinary year.
What had all the promise of an exciting golfing year with the launch of the
World Handicap System proved to be exciting in a way we did not expect.
I feel sorry, not just for the disruption to everyone’s golf but to the year that many Captains of all sections had planned and were looking forward too.
But what I have seen is that many adapted to the unprecedented circumstances and became quite enterprising in adapting their golfing calendar and competitions.
AGMs and Captains’ Drive-ins also had to be adapted, but I’d like to take this opportunity to congratulate everyone of you have taken on a position within your club this year and wish you every success for 2021.
Despite the COVID-19 Restrictions it is good to see many of you able to play golf and organise or participate in competitions.
The drive to introduce Gender Neutral Tees and also to encourage more mixed competitions, has , from the number of emails I have received, been taken up worldwide and actually includes many Clubs in England.
This has led to more Mixed-tee Competitions being organised.
However, with the complex nature of calculating Mixed-tee Playing Handicaps under the World Handicap System, many have struggled with the new Handicap Calculations.
CONGU have come to the rescue and produced a WHS Mixed-Tee Handicap Calculator, set out in a Microsoft Office Excel Spreadsheet for everyone to use it covers:
18 Holes – 2 Tees
18 Holes – 3 Tees
9 Holes -2 Tees
Foursomes and Greensomes
Team Competitions, including Best of 4 and Best f 3
To read more about the WHS Mixed-tee calculator, how to use it and Download your own copy click on the link below:
Getting to grips with the World Handicap System is presenting some of you with problems.
But now that England Golf and Independent Software Vendors are managing to overcome some of the teething problems it is evident, from the many emails I am receiving, that many of you, who can play golf at the moment, are doing so and entering and organising a number of competitions.
In1983 the Council of National Golf Unions (CONGU) introduced the Unified Handicapping System) UHS) to GB&I for the first time.
It was based on the Australian Handicapping System and has stood us in good stead since then.
But on 2nd November 2020, the World Handicap System (WHS) was introduced bringing together and regularising six different Handicap Systems.
So, what does this mean for us and organisers of competitions?
Firstly, a steep learning curve because there are many changes to get used to and implement.
Secondly, the CONGU UHS Manual no longer applies as a source of reference and we must turn to new publications for information on Handicapping.
Unfortunately, the Guidance on Rules of Handicapping as Applied to GB&I, is not as clear and precise as the old CONGU UHS Manual, and no doubt will be re-written over time, but it is all we have at the moment.
But love it or hate it, the WHS is here to stay and once understood and used properly will, in my opinion, provide a much fairer Handicapping System for all.